Challenges of soil conservation in ethiopia

Challenges of soil conservation in ethiopia


Soil and water conservation is the only practice to reverse the threat and protect the land. SUCCESSES AND CHALLENGES IN ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE: EXPERIENCES FROM TIGRAY, ETHIOPIA ACkNOwLEDGEMENTS The authors and the ISD would like to thank the Third World Network (TWN) and the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC) for their continuing support for the work with the farmers and agricultural professionals in Tigray from 1996 Ethiopia has immense biological resources attributed to its geographical position, variation in attitude, rainfall pattern and soil variability. Recreational events, marriage ceremonies and public Holidays were held around the Lake. In the last two decades, various soil and water conservation interventions had been introduced in to different parts of Ethiopia. Public awareness: in Ethiopia, awareness raising of the general public and decision makers on biodiversity issues has been conducted using various mediums at different times and levels. The country partnership framework (CPF) draws on the findings of the World Bank Group (WBG's) 2016 systematic country diagnostic (SCD) for Ethiopia Water Resource Development in Ethiopia. ” The delegate from Ethiopia, represented by H. Assess the opportunities, challenges and future prospectus of sesame production in Ethiopia under varying soil-climate dynamics, c. Adekalu KO, Olorunfemi I, Osunbitan JA. B. We are now in a good position to reflect on these consequences and to outline various policy options to meet the challenges ahead, perhaps best characterized as the need for food and livelihood security under increasingly constrained environmental conditions from within and outside the realm of agriculture and globalized economic systems. Watershed management is not the new concept of the country because it had highly experienced indigenous peoples those have been practiced from an ancient period. However, it achieved limited success due to its failure in addressing the problems of local people. In Ethiopia soil conservation has been carried out with limited success. Rämi, UN-OCHA, Oct 2003). Aug 13, 2018 · Crop productivity in the highlands of Ethiopia is critically challenged by land degradation and climate change and variability. Soil erosion is the detachment and movement of soil particles from the point of origination through the action of water or wind. 2 Challenges and recommended actions for implementing best future forest Ethiopia is endowed particularly with woodlands and shrublands enclosures, soil and Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations like Ethiopia. To combat the problem different Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) measures were introduced in the country. Apr 30, 2019 · Soil erosion and nutrient depletion have been the major challenges in Ethiopia that adversely affect soil fertility and crop productivity. These help to stabilise the soil as they increase cover compared to short-cycle cropping systems. Introduction Land degradation in the form of soil erosion has been considered as among the major factors responsible for the recurrent malnutrition and famine problems in Ethiopia [51]. and Selassie, Y. Google Scholar Soil conservation measures should aim at preventing or at least minimising the soils loss. In addition to improving soil fertility, water harvesting, enhancing the soil-water retention capacity and reducing soil erosion are measures that could significantly improve agricultural productivity in rainfed marginal environments. threatened by the effects of erosion and subsequent water and soil nutrient loss. but pose tillage problems because they harden when dry and become sticky  Ethiopia is the largest, both in terms of population and in terms of area, of the above . Ethiopia’s mean annual rainfall reaches approximately 1090 mm. Although it is recognized that soil water conservation (SWC) practices can sustainably contribute to reversing land degradation, the performance conservation practices in most Third World countries have generally been unsatisfactory in terms of Analysis - Major factors limiting food production for smallholder farmers across sub-Saharan Africa include the depletion of soil fertility, soil erosion and periodic droughts due to climate change. With significant contribution from: Gete Zelleke . Frequent meetings were Ethiopia to estimate the soil losses by means of the Revised Universal Soil Loss 5 Equation (RUSLE). effects of conservation practices on land degradation and climate change mitigation. Stewart B. “Farmers’ Perception on the Role of Vetiver Grass in Soil and Water Cons ervation in South Western Ethiopia:- The Case of Tulube Peasant Association; Metu District ” Abstract Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations like Ethiopia. This failure put a question Perceptions of Farmers on the Physical SWC Theoretically, those farmers who perceive soil erosion as Measures and Soil Erosion Problem: Soil erosion is a problem having negative impacts on productivity and widespread, but there is considerable variation in the who expect positive returns from conservation are likely Ethiopia - Country partnership framework for the period FY18 - FY22 (English) Abstract. • Selection and design of structures depend on: • Climate and the need to retain or discharge the runoff its impact on plants diversity and conservation challenges in Abeshige district, Gurage zone, Ethiopia. Desta et al. Study of The Bokole and Toni Sub-Watersheds, Southern Ethiopia. This study was designed to examine the factors that control the effectiveness of bunds installed on cropland. in Ethiopia, assess the major methodological and conceptual issues and problems degradation, and soil erosion, as these are sometimes (incorrectly) used  and K. Soil is the media to produce crop, fodder, fiber and raw materials, among other functions (Bilotta, Grove, & Mudd, 2012). designed on the basis of identification of the problems. Assess the domestic and world sesame marketing. Fanners'views of soil erosion problems and their conservation 51 knowledge in Beressa watershed, central highlands of Ethiopia 5. not considered. China. Present research challenges are reviewed, and contributors visualize how agricultural production practices will change in future years to address the newest challenges in soil and water conservation. Lazaro and F. Besides, soil erosion is a major contributor to the prevailing food insecurity of Ethiopia. . Effect of Soil and Water Conservation Measures on . Fertilizer and Soil Fertility Potential in Ethiopia Constraints and opportunities for enhancing the system . 2  Ethiopia's major research partner in soil and water conservation was the in order to improve insights into the land-management problems of the country. To limit this problem, for the last two decades in Gumara watershed, soil and water conservation measures have been practiced through free labor community mass-mobilization. Farmers’ views of soil erosion problems and their conservation knowledge in Beressa watershed, central highlands of Ethiopia 51 5. Gununo Watershed, Southern Ethiopia. Okubal and M. Wedin Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics University of Minnesota, St. nature. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Soil erosion is one of the major challenges of Ethiopia deteriorating the productivity of land. , 2011). Ethiopia is affected by different environmental challenges, and water-induced soil erosion is one of the keys to finding sustainability to agricultural production and productivity to safeguard food security [28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35]. 2007. A participatory agroforestry approach for soil and water conservation in Ethiopia. the adoptability and challenges of soil and water conservation measures, and c. This paper is aimed to evaluate the historical perspectives and present scenarios of watershed management in Ethiopia. Opportunities and challenges for sustainable production and marketing of gums and resins in Ethiopia, and . Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations, such as Ethiopia. Article History ABSTRACT Ethiopian Coffee: Challenges and Opportunities Ethiopian Coffee Export Conference 8 –9 November 2012 AddisAbaba Ethiopia International Coffee Organization , José D. The reassessment presented in this paper also highlights the greater inportance of energy demands The masses are poor and depend on relief food supply for survival. Dejene Abera Soil-conservation farming. Introduction. HU DanWen, Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, Wuhan, PRC Abstract: Soil conservation in the U. Abstract Soil erosion and its consequences is one of the more serious problems in Ethiopia. The only sources of fuel are crop residues and cow dung, and because Jan 31, 2014 · Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations, such as Ethiopia. It is one of the major causes of low and Sep 20, 2019 · Once upon a time, one of Ethiopia’s beautiful and famous Lakes, Lake Haramaya, was a source of life for human beings and animals and a home of beautiful birds in the eastern part of the country. In the last three decades, a lot of effort was made to introduce a number of biological conservation techniques, but unfortunately suffered from the open grazing systems widely practiced in the country as a whole. A new. of Environment and Climate Change Management, Ethiopian Civil Service University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Abstract: Soil and water conservation was not only related to the improvement and conservation of ecological the soil through conservation tillage, its water hold-ing capacity increases, making yields more resilient and reducing erosion. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa, with 74 million people, and 84 per cent of these live in rural areas (CSA, 2008), depending mainly on mixed crop/animal and forest/tree production for livelihoods. These are biological and mechanical. To • 5. Review of the importance of integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) in increasing crop productivity • 6. The focus is on the policy and institutional context within which soil research and investment takes place. , 1995. Cite This Article: Setegne Kifle, Bogale Teferi, Abreham Kebedom, and Abiyot Legesse, “Factors Influencing Farmers Decision on the Use of Introduced Soil and Water Conservation Practices in the Lowland’s of Wenago Woreda, Gedeo Zone, Ethiopia. Tesfaye, A. analysis of the problems and to underpin soil conservation strategies, including . Fieldwork and household survey were conducted to identify major determinants of soil erosion Agricultural Economics 20, 231–239. . Soil erosion is a serious problem in Ethiopia. Thus, soil conservation is vital to the achievement of food of soil and water conservation practices. historic loss of soil from Ethiopia that created the Nile delta, and that as recently as the turn of the Millennium Ethiopia ‘exported 1billion MT of soil at a cost of 4% GDP. The study investigates Ethiopia’s and China’s rural development policies since the major rural reform periods. , nutrient depletion and acidification) and biological (e. In general, previous efforts to address soil and water conservation through food for work programs failed Ethiopia is a classic example of how severe degradation of ecosystems and productive agricultural lands and poor utilization of water resources increase poverty, food insecurity, loss of biodiversity, and even conflict. W. resource conservation and rehabilitation interventions have been carried out in Ethiopia. The participants included representatives from Environment Protection Authority, Ethiopian Development Research Institute, Addis Ababa University, Ministries of Agriculture, Industry, Academia. Impact of Physical Soil and Water Conservation Structure on Selected Soil Physicochemical Properties in Gondar Zuriya Woreda Worku Hailu Department of Water resources and Irrigation Management, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia Abstract Land degradation is a major concern in Ethiopia since it leads to declining agricultural productivity, poverty and ration of soils through soil and water conservation as well as off-site impacts of soil erosion were not fully included in the economic analysis. Impacts of soil and water conservation practices on livelihood: The case of watershed in Gambela region, Ethiopia Gatbel Chot1, Awdenegest Moges2 and Amanuel Shewa3* 1Department of Natural Resources Management, College of Agricultural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Ethiopia. 2. 2Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Dilla University, Ethiopia. Over the last three decades, different soil and water conservation activities have been undertaken. Conservation Measures and Challenges for its Adoption: Ethiopia in Focus,  Soil erosion is the displacement of the upper layer of soil, it is one form of soil degradation. 31% and 52. A number of soil and water conservation Ethiopia Dr. Challenges to the coffee sector in Ethiopia 4. THE CONTRIBUTION OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION TO SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS IN SEMI-ARID AREAS OF SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Edited by Charlotte Boyd and Cathryn Turton with N. kassa@cgiar. 2. The major objective of the present study was to assess farmers’ awareness on soil erosion and their attitude towards soil conservation on cultivated land in Guliso Woreda West Wellega zone, Oromia Regional State. E Etefa Diba Areri, a Member of Parliament who sits in the Agricultural Affairs Standing Committee. g. Jul 10, 2019 · Abstract. , Bishop, J. Extension Dissemination of ISFM technology in Ethiopia • 7. arose as a necessary response to land misuse and the There is also destruction of soil and water conservation structures in many parts of Ethiopia (Kassie 2009; Tadesse and Belay 2004) which pose a critical challenge on the sustainability of the already introduced land conservation measures. Drylands thus predominate across the lowlands and highlands in the ) Opportunities and challenges for sustainable production and marketing of gums and resins in Ethiopia. Tackling Chronic Food Insecurity through Productive Safety Net Program in Ethiopia: Achievements, Challenges and the Way Forward. The aim of this study was to assess farmers’ perception on soil and water conservation practices on crop productivity and its economic implications and identify major constraints on soil and water conservation in Ethiopia. S. Abstract Use of stone bunds to enhance soil and water conservation was first introduced to Tigray, northern Ethiopia in 1981. Since reducing soil erosion is likely to be a less important objective for the farmer than securing immediate food needs, recommended changes should be shown to provide tangible results; construction of mechanical conservation structures should be followed up by other inputs, such as fertiliser, improved seeds, and other farming factors. This research Soil erosion and its consequences is one of the more serious problems in Ethiopia. 13 May 2016 Soil erosion has been the most chronic problem in the Ethiopian is one of the most serious environmental problems in Ethiopia and, thus,  6 Jan 2017 Ethiopian highlands show that soil erosion is seen as a di- rect result of the Soil erosion is one of the biggest problems re- sulting in both  Abstract: Soil erosion by water constitutes a threat even to maintain the subsistence livelihood of the . The Ethiopian highlands have been experiencing frequent drought and declining soil fertility due to severe soil erosion and intensive farming on steep and fragile land. 50% respectively (BWAO). Soil erosion Ethiopia: the case of Beressa watershed 4. Challenges to Sustainable Land Management 18 Appropriate Land Management Systems 18 Improved Water Management 22 Adapting to Climate Change 24 Knowledge Dissemination and Land Policy Constraints 27 4. Oct 30, 2014 · Ethiopia’s pledge to restore a further 15m hectares of degraded land was the largest of many made at the end of UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon’s New York climate summit last month, where enable to address key challenges of soil and land degradation in the country. 1985. , soil erosion, compaction, and waterlogging), chemical (e. The author utilizes data from World Bank (WB) and Food Association Organization (FAO) to scrutinize the consequence of rural development policies towards rural poverty eradication in China and Ethiopia. Key consumption trends 3. adoption, soil erosion, logit model, soil and water conservation practices, decision making . Ethiopia - Ethiopia - Soils: The soils of Ethiopia can be classified into five principal types. The Guideline has been designed in such a way that important steps are followed by implementers and the thus soil conservation technologies, which take some land out of production, like construction of soil conservation structures, have little acceptance by farmers in the area (Tadesse and Belay, 2004). To assess the socio-cultural, economic, biophysical system and constraints for the implementation and maintenance of soil and water conservation practices 3. , soil organic matter decline and depletion of soil fauna) attributes of the soil [11,12]. 2 The Post-1991 Period (After the Derg) 24 3. Ongoing soil and water degradation and the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes, constitute big challenges for future food systems (see e. Other messages from the IYS were the progress being made in land tenure, soil and water conservation, blended fertilizers and learning institutes. lands of the watershed [5]. Various forms of efforts to control the soil erosion through introduced   Form 1: Description and Problems in Your Area. ESSP OUTCOME NOTE 06 • SEPTEMBER 2015 The right fertilizer for Ethiopia’s soils In Ethiopia, farmers are likely to benefit from the new soil maps which will help improve their land management practices on which their livelihoods depend. The main purpose of this study was to assess the effects of soil and water conservation practices (SWCP) on selected biophysical, livelihood attributes and farmer`s perception at AMW, Northwestern Ethiopia. Central Soil and Water Conservation Research and Training Institute, Dehradun, India. teams addressed most of the main challenges involved in the use of fallout  15 Jun 2015 ELD's Ethiopia report shows that investing in soil conservation structures in sloping lands could reduce soil erosion by 43 % in croplands and  Effect of soil and water conservation measures and challenges for its adoption: Ethiopia in focus. Setegne Kifle, Bogale Teferi, Abreham Kebedom, Abiyot Legesse. Article (PDF Available) · January 2007 with  30 Apr 2019 Soil erosion and nutrient depletion have been the major challenges in Ethiopia that adversely affect soil fertility and crop productivity. The Effects of ‘Fanya juu’ Soil Conservation Structure on Selected Soil Physical & Chemical Properties: the Case of Goromti Watershed, Western Ethiopia Worku Hailu1, Awdenegest Moges2,*, Fantaw Yimer3 1Department ofWater resources and IrrigationManagement, Gonder University, POBox 196. Soil conservation is the soil erosion antonym. Appraisal on soil and water conservation and its implication on food security are crucial. Thus, soil and water conservation practices are becoming increasingly important in the arid and semi-arid therefore urgently needs improvement and conservation of their natural resource for sustainable development and improving food security. (Ethiopia) 7 3. A. Open Journal of Soil Science 4:1-5. 1. Land cover was mapped using an approach that Drought and degradation are resulting from climate change, soil erosion, nutrient depletion the likes are some of the most challenging environmental problems in Ethiopia. Among the various rehabilitation techniques used, the predominant is probably area exclosure (Mulugeta Lemenih, 2004) and establishment of fast growing plantations of exotic species & physical conservation measures such as terracing. May 30, 2019 · Research conducted by CIMMYT and national partners in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda under the SIMLESA project provided good evidence that sustainable intensification based on conservation agriculture works — it significantly increased food crop yields, up to 38%, as well as incomes, while sustainably Land degradation will remain an important global issue for the 21st century because of its adverse impact on agronomic productivity, the environment, and its effect on food security and the quality of life. Major initiatives to address such concerns are soil and water conservation programmes. MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL ACTORS AND THEIR MANDATE 32 4. 6. Factors Influencing Farmers Decision on the Use of Introduced Soil and Water Conservation Practices in the Lowland’s of Wenago Woreda, Gedeo Zone, Ethiopia. The basic approach has shifted from top-down infrastructure solutions to community-based approaches. Keywords: Ethiopia, Historical Perspectives, Land Degradation, Present Scenarios, Soil and Water Conservation, Watershed Management 1. To improve production systems, the ministry of Agriculture through National Soil and Water Conservation Program (NSWCP) in Soil and Water Conservation Branch [27,28] initiated the soil and water management activities. 126. Hatibu, H. Although agriculture is the backbone of the country’s economy and sustains the Narayana V. Soil is a crucial and precious natural resource that govern numerous ecological processes. in Ethiopia. R. Conservation Agriculture challenges in developing countries and possible suggestions - the case of Gokwe South District, Zimbabwe Globally, food insecurity is a huge challenge, especially among developing nations. They also provide nectar and pollen for honeybees. Minimal soil disturbance; 2. Rockström et al. Experience sharing programmes among national regional states on soil and water conservation Stakeholder participation in policy processes in Ethiopia5 The dilemma between the immediate food and fuel needs of the farmer and long-term benefits of conservation practices is the problem that BoA workers are facing on the ground. and land resources conservation in bale eco-region, south eastern ethiopia tadele kifle a thesis submitted to the graduate school of natural resources and environmental studies ,natural resource economics and policy program wondo genet college of forestry and natural resources, hawassa university wondo genet, ethiopia The article shows results of an international and interdisciplinary project with the title ‘Rainfall and its Erosivity in Ethiopia’. The challenges for developing rural Ethiopia lie in an overall increase in productivity in all sectors in rural areas, i. , Deneke, T. Abstract. Economic values and incentives affecting soil and water conservation in developing countries. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; E-Mail: h. Conservation programmes often incur heavy costs, rely heavily on external resources, often encounter failures and have a poor record as regards sustainability. Survey of Charcoal Production and its Impact on Plant Diversity and Conservation Challenges in Abeshige District, Gurage Zone, Ethiopia Belachew Garedew * and Legesse Simon Department of Biology, Natural and Computational Sciences, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia This paper reviews Ethiopia’s experience and research progress in past soil and water conservation (SWC) efforts and suggests possible solutions for improvement. 20 Feb 2007 soil degradation;; erosion;; fertility;; farmer perception;; Ethiopia . Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations like Ethiopia. Objective and Scope of the Study The objective of this study is to assess the institutional environment for sustainable soil resource management in Ethiopia. 5 Oct 2012 Soil-erosion-induced land degradation is a great challenge in the Ethiopian highlands. The study depletion are soil erosion, intensive Tillage, exhaustion of nutrients by crops and Although they survived the challenges of changing bio-. of challenging economic and social problems collectively. Features of Nechisar National Park Ethiopia is a country of great geographic diversity with wide altitudinal and physiographic variations. Farmers' Adoption of Soil and Water Conservation Technology: A Case. There are numerous agricultural practices that Ethiopian farmers can use to reduce the damaging effects still faces many development challenges. It is, however, widely recognised that conservation programmes are faced with many challenges. Thus, the challenge largely remains to be tackled . For decades, soil conservation programs in the highlands of Ethiopia were premised on the notion that farmers did not perceive erosion and had little or no interest in combating it. 19%, 37. There is less-willingness to accept and maintain the extensively introduced practices of soil conservation. A number of soil and water conservation methods were introduced to combat land degradation since 1970s, but adoption of these practices remains below expectations. Gonder, Ethiopia Different types of soil and water conservation (SWC) structures were introduced to Ethiopia during the last four decades for abating water erosion and sustaining agricultural productivity. Therefore, this review paper identifies potential opportunities and wildlife diversity to promote wildlife tourism practices in Ethiopia. b Contributing authors for Uganda case study. Center for Food Security Studies, College of Development Studies, Addis Abeba University, Ethiopia *Corresponding Author: gtemesgen114@gmail. Mabogunje * Sub-Saharan Africa suffers from some serious environmental problems, including deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, wetland degradation, and insect infestation. Various forms of efforts to control the soil erosion through introduced Soil and Water Conservation (SWC This study was conducted to assess the main challenges and extents of implementation of soil and water conservation measures (SWC) measures in Guba-Lafto Woreda of North Wollo, Ethiopia. T. The article contains information about the traditional soil conservation practices, the reasons for intervention with traditional soil conservation technologies, the historical background of instutionalized soil conservation activities, the institutional ASSESSMENT OF SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT APPROACH CASE STUDY LENCHE DIMA, TSEGUR EYESUS AND DIJJIL WATERSHED A Project Paper Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Professional Studies By Tesfaye Habtamu May 2011 free grazing practices in Ethiopia is among the major limitations to sustainable management of soil and water conservation measures. labour-intensive and this often challenges households. Despite these challenges, soil and water conservation remained a vital technique to the achievement of food security, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability in the country. Opportunities for the coffee sector in SWC practices include soil fertility and crop management, soil erosion control measures and water harvesting, all good ways to address the challenges faced in the Amhara region of northwest Ethiopia. Soil loss was estimated by using the universal soil loss equation Soil erosion on cultivated land constitutes a threat to the livelihood of rural households in Ethiopia. Belay2. investment in the more expensive types of conservation neasures, such as teraces, should be cntically evaluated and more emphasis should be placed on lower-cost, biological approaches to soil conservation and land husbandry. Another example is integrated soil fertility management that can lower fertiliser costs, increase soil carbon and improve yields. tons of Ethiopian soil flow to Sudan: Little Abbaya River laden with silt (photo H. The flora of the country is very heterogeneous with target. field when you carry out soil and water conservation. Tigray was one of Ethiopia’s regions most affected by recurrent drought and food security problems. Ethiopia, and specifically with the following specific objectives, a. Bekele, A. Ethiopia has achieved substantial progress in economic, social, and human development over the past decade. Re-Greening Ethiopia: History, Challenges and Lessons Mulugeta Lemenih 1,* and Habtemariam Kassa 2 1 Forestry Department, Farm Africa, Ethiopia office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2 Center for International Forestry Research, Forests and Livelihoods Research, CIFOR Ethiopia Office, P. Soil and water conservation measures and challenges in Kenya; A review George Njomo Karuku * Department of Land Resource and Agricultural Technology, University of Nairobi, Kenya Article published on June 30, 2018 Key words: Soil and water conservation, Conservation methods and techniques, Degradation, Challenges and opportunities Abstract 1. The problem may become so severe that  Dubale said that soils in Ethiopia are inherently fertile, but has been worldwide is abandoned every year because of problems associated with soil erosion  30 Oct 2019 Conservation agriculture, soil and stone structures, and restricting areas Restoring soils is also critical for addressing Ethiopia's water issues. has put a strategy that soil conservation, water harvesting, afforestation and land rehabilitation activities in general should be implemented following a watershed approach. Such discrepancy of findings shows that the impact of SLM practice on the productivity of farm plots and Conservation agriculture is generally a "win-win" situation for both farmers and the environment. Ethiopia is exceptionally high in biodiversity but exceptionally low in capacity for biodiversity conservation or protected area management. Simeneh soil and water conservation (SWC) structures and current community mobilization in the study area. Grass mulching effect on infiltration, surface runoff and soil loss of three agricultural soils in Nigeria. According to study conducted by FAO in 38 sub-Saharan Africa countries, including Ethiopia showed that Ethiopia is one of the countries with the highest rates of nutrient depletion. Of the two sub-sectors, the first has attracted high levels of investment, and the second was neglected until the post-Imperial period. detailed data analysis, this paper aims to review the general characteristics of soil and water loss, to explore the relationship between soil and water conservation and sustainable economic development, and to provide relevant strategies for soil and water conservation in Kenya. In Ethiopia, soil and water conservation program started in 1970. The Vetiver System for Soil and Water Conservation in Ethiopia: The Case of Anno Agro-industry PLC, Gobu Sayo District1 By Tesfaye Kumsa2 and Gadisa Gobena3 Introduction Anno Agro-industry is a commercial private farm that has been in the business of production and dissemination of improved crop seeds over the last 15 years. The Opportunity Ethiopia has a history of watershed management initiatives dating back to the 1970s. , 1997. ETHIOPIA'S NATIONAL CONSERVATION PLANS 13 3. SLM Interventions:An Agri-technical Perspective 31 Protecting the Land Resource:Agricultural Intensification and Integrated Farming Systems 34 adequate soil nutrient saving and recycling technologies (Bojo and Cassels, 1995; Sahlemedhin, 1999 as cited in Tesfaye H. Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in number of soil and water conservation methods were introduced to combat land (580 km Northern from Addis Ababa, capital city of Ethiopia) in June 07, 1984. 191 This paper reviews on: a. 10 Oct 2003 2Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Centre (DZARC), Ethiopia. Various forms of efforts to control the soil erosion through introduced Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) measures have been underway for nearly four decades. V. The major cause of low soil fertility is soil erosion erosion Subject Category: Natural Processes see more details due to mainly run off. May 06, 2017 · Soil conservation is the prevention of soil loss from erosion or reduced fertility caused by over-usage, acidification, salinization or other chemical soil contamination. Geographical Outlook of Study Area Challenges To Conservation And Protected Area Management. Department of Natural Resource Management, Adigrat University, Ethiopia 2. Barley, Wheat, Corn (maize), Horse been and Pea are A GIS based slope analysis for recommended soil and water conservation techniques in Sekela District, Amhara State, Ethiopia Abineh Tilahun1* and Bogale Teferie2 1Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Adigrat University, Ethiopia. Barbier, E. Aug 13, 2018 · Addis Ababa, 27-61, Addis Ababa. Crossref Integration of beekeeping to others development activities such as conservation of natural resources and promote the sowing of multipurpose legumes as a soil conservation measures as well as a fertilizer saver and that retain moisture to the soil may help as best means to green the futures. Contributed by Messay Mulugeta (PhD), Associate Professor, Chairperson of Center for Food Security Studies, College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. Technical Manual for farmers and Field Extension Service Providers: Soil and . Soil deterioration and low water quality due to erosion and surface runoff have become severe problems worldwide. Key demand trends 2. Determinants of maintenance decision of introduced soil and water conservation practices in Fagita Lekoma District, North West Highlands of Ethiopia. Hurni H (1998) Agroecological belts of Ethiopia: explanatory notes on three maps at a scale of 1:1,000,000. Adams Introduction This paper emerges from a brief desk study prior to a three-month assignment in Ethiopia in order to appraise a rural development programme with a large soil conservation and social forestry component. 4. Received 26 March, 2015; Accepted 25 May, 2015 Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations, including Ethiopia. Sustainable land management, including soil, water and biodiversity conservation, must become the basis of Soil degradation is a narrower term for declining soil quality, encompassing the deterioration in physical (e. Domestication of soil improving trees for enhancing the productivity of soil through a combination of selected trees and food crops on the same farm field is the major reason for practicing agroforestry land use systems (ICRAF, 2000) and hence, an agroforestry system is an age-old tradition in Ethiopia (Jama & Zeila, 2005). the causes and consequences of land degradation and climate changes in Ethiopia, b. d. They can revive damaged soil, minimize erosion, encourage plant growth, eliminate the use of nitrogen fertilizer or fungicide, produce above-average Soil and water conservation measures and challenges in Kenya; A review. F. O. 2009b; Balmford et al. the soil map of the National Atlas of Ethiopia, the soil units of the area are Dystric Nitosols and Acrisols. Critically, there are over 80 million people in Ethiopia, 85% in rural areas, 80% in the highlands. Makumbib a Contributing authors for Tanzania case study. 3 The Legal Framework: A Bird's Eye-view of the Process 30 4. While still in development, this information portal is a powerful tool in facilitating Despite these challenges, agriculture-led economic growth that is linked to improved livelihoods and nutrition can become a long-lasting solution to Ethiopia’s chronic poverty and food insecurity. G. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 7: 185-199. Major issues, research, recommendations, and government programs are covered. Modelling land use change to prepare for climate variation Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations like Ethiopia. Through Feed the Future , we are helping Ethiopian households become more involved in income-generating activities in the agricultural sector. Yet, in the 1960 Tigray, soil and water conservation (SWC) programmes were essentially absent, and land degradation was rampant. Deforestation and Land Degradation on the Ethiopian Highlands: A Strategy for Physical Recovery Badege Bishaw Oregon State University, USA ABSTRACT Deforestation, accelerated soil erosion, and land degradation are serious problems in Ethiopia. 1 and Mesele . 1 The Central/Federal Level Organs of Government The Environmental Challenges In Sub Saharan Africa. A study conducted in Ethiopia showed the standard estimates of soil loss in the country which were made to examine some of the principal environmental conditions and conservation practices that contribute to soil erosion in this country [6]. Soil erosion is the most dangerous ecological process observed in Ethiopia, degrading the precious soil resources which are the basis of agricultural production and food for the country’s people and which provide numerous other ecosystem services. Soil cover is a crucial factor in preventing erosion. Sette Head of Operations SUMMARY 1. Mahesh Kumar Akkaraboyina, Belay Mekuriyaw Tareke Dept. com Abstract Land degradation is the common environmental problem in Ethiopia. The adoption and diffusion of soil and water conservation practices (SWC), as a way to tackle this Kebede Wolka, Effect of Soil and Water Conservation Measures and Challenges for its Adoption: Ethiopia in Focus, Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 7, 4, (185), (2014). soil nutrient depletion and soil erosion are major problems in Tigray. These soils are formed from volcanic material and, with proper management, have medium to high potential for rain-fed agriculture. Furthermore, it also identifies the challenges and future directions to put into practice for future wildlife tourism industry. Promoting soil carbon capture also helps mitigate climate change. Here you will find brief presentations of the members and collaborators of SCECH, as well as of planned activities: conservation, education, research and documentary. Dhruva and Ram Babu. In order to do this proper land utilisation coupled with agricul­tural practices should be adopted. Significance of study Wisely use of forest resources in any area, especially in rural part of the study area have paramount importance for the improvement of carrying capacity of the environment which helps to raise the living What is Conservation Agriculture (CA)? Conservation agriculture is a farming approach that can sustainably increase yields from cereals, legumes, fodder, and cash crops. Its aim was to produce a map of Agroecological Belts of Ethiopia, at a scale of 1:1,000,000 by presenting a sound, geo-referenced overview of ‘major agroecological zones’ investments in soil conservation. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 50, 133–137. A total Land degradation is one of the major challenges in population  Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many In Ethiopia soil erosion by water significantly contributes to food insecurity  7 Jun 2019 But, soil degradation is one of the major challenges in Ethiopia Soil and water conservation which is the combination of appropriate land use. The. in the agricultural, secondary, and tertiary sectors. Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia. To overcome these problems, efforts have been made to launch afforestation and conservation Soil and Water conservation practices are widely practiced in Akusti Micro Watershed (AMW). Depleted soil can be protected from soil erosion by groundcover plants such as naturally growing grasses in agroforestry systems. With the aim of curbing land degradation problems, efforts are underway on the implementation of soil and water conservation (SWC) practices. , 2008). Although indigenous SWC techniques date back to 400 BC, institutionalized SWC activity in Ethiopia became significant only after the 1970s. Soil-conservation farming involves no-till farming, "green manures" and other soil-enhancing practices. org Moreover, this article will also focus on identifying the major challenges of the conservation of forest ecosystem of the park and will suggest potential measures to enhance the conservation. Soil and water conservation in semi-arid regions of India. Soil conservation consists of all positive activities that man does to prevent soil loss (1). 2014. and Jones O. In 1994, Tigray adopted the Conservation-based Agricultural Development-Led Industrialization (ADLI) strategy to respond to the region’s food security and agricultural productivity challenge, based on rehabilitation, conservation, development of natural resources and people’s participation. The purpose of this paper is to identify erosion spot areas and target locations for appropriate development of soil and water conservation measures. Ethiopian highlands have been experiencing  2 May 2016 Land degradation and soil erosion have real human impacts, especially on In response to this challenge, Ethiopia has begun implementing  Ethiopia - Ethiopia - Soils: The soils of Ethiopia can be classified into five and are characterized by low nutrient retention, surface crusting, and erosion hazards . The omis-sion of such ecosystem functions in this analysis, is likely to underestimate the benefits of sustainable land management interventions. adequate soil nutrient saving and recycling technologies (Bojo and Cassels, 1995; Sahlemedhin, 1999 as cited in Tesfaye H. 2: Physical soil conservation measures Physical soil conservation structures are permanent features made of earth, stones or masonry, designed to protect the soil from uncontrolled runoff and erosion and retain water where needed. The various practices counted to conservation agriculture are characterized by redu-cing production costs while following the 4 key principles: 1. attitude toward soil conservation practices are important for promoting sustainable land use. 0 Challenges in soil and water conservation . Research and extension experiences on ISMF in Ethiopia • 6. ” Ethiopia is affected by different environmental challenges, and water-induced soil erosion is one of the keys to finding sustainability to agricultural production and productivity to safeguard food security [28–35]. To tackle this problem collective action (CA) was initiated in the watershed for soil and water conservation water conservation Subject Category: Miscellaneous see more details (SWC). However, soil erosion still persists and become and implementation approaches for soil conservation are responsible for accelerating degradation on agricultural lands and siltation of lakes and reservoirs downstream. Our Swedish visitors can also read some articles about the preparations for a conservation of the church Debre Selam Mika’el, initially intended to be our first target in Ethiopia. 3. However, in Ethiopia particularly in north Gondar zone, soil erosion is a severe problem and a major cause of the decline of agricultural productivity. There is now a supportive policy and legal framework in the form of policies that facilitate decentralized Soil and Water Conservation in Kenya-Operations, Achievements and Challenges of the National Agriculture and Livestock Extension Programme (NALEP) Titus Wambua Mutisya1*, Luo Zejiao1 and Nenkari Juma2 1School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) Lumo Road 388, Wuhan City, 430074 Hubei Province, P. keeping and preserving the precious resource when it falls abundantly from the sky and then to store it and distribute it wisely for efficient use when the rains stop. Consequently, the government has invested in soil and  Ethiopia, Tigray, soil and water conservation, conservation techniques, land tenure, peasants' . Broadly categorizing there are two methods of soil conservation. Ethiopia: the case of Beressa watershed 33 4. Aug 03, 2018 · CA-based practices are improving soil health and yields for Ethiopian smallholders Sophie Reeve Addis Abeba/Hawassa, August 03/2018 – Major factors limiting food production for smallholder farmers across sub-Saharan Africa include the depletion of soil fertility, soil erosion and periodic droughts due to climate change. Massive plantations and several kilometers of soil and water conservation technologies have been practiced in response to those challenges. Paul, MN 55403, U. Waga Mazengia1, Deribe Gamiyo1,  Challenges of Collective Action in Soil and Water Conservation: The Case of Gununo Watershed, Southern Ethiopia. With the  ABSTRACT Soil conservation in Ethiopia is considered today to be of top priority, not only to maintain . Soil and water conservation in semi-arid regions. Such farming methods attempt to mimic the biology of barren lands. Soil Conservation Research Programme, Center for Development and Environment, Berne. This study was focused on community based soil and water conservation practices in the Damota watershed of (Table 1. In September 2017, the World Future Policy Gold Award (Desertification) was given to “the people of Tigray for restoring land on a massive scale”. Kebede Wolka. Several conservation practices can be used to control erosion but first you need to understand the factors affecting soil erosion. Rwehumbiza,a P. In: Soil Erosion and Conservation. Opportunities and challenges for sustainable The wide altitudinal coverage enhances the diversity of climate, topography, soil, and thus vegetation resources. Even though a number of soil and water conservation methods were introduced to combat land degradation, adoption of these practices remains below expectations. However, soil erosion has become a serious problem in many countries including Ethiopia (De Graaff et al. Soil Conservation Issues on the United States Walter F. One of the most serious and long-running water erosion problems worldwide is in the People's Republic of China, on the middle reaches of the  Structures in Wyebla Watershed, Northwest Ethiopia. By using farmer’s soil classifications and increasing awareness of farming in Ethiopia a common 3. One of the things he highlighted was the creation of the Ethiopian Soil Information Service (EthioSIS). Mahoo, E. Akin L. 1 ISFM Research advances in Ethiopia • 6. The first type is composed of euritic nitosols and andosols and is found on portions of the Western and Eastern highlands. 1 Evolution of Conservation Policies and Legislation 13 3. The development of water resources for agricultural purposes on the one hand and rural water supply schemes on the other are the focus of our discussion in this section. Productivity impacts of land degradation are due to a decline in land quality on site where obtained through environmentally sustainable agriculture. This study aimed to determine benefits, limitations and sustainability of SWC structures in the Toni and Bokole watersheds of the Omo Gibe basin. 2005). By modifying these practices to site-specific COMMUNITY FORESTRY AND FOREST POLICY IN ETHIOPIA: Some Preliminary Thoughts Martin E. 2Associate Professor at Centre for Environmental Science, Addis Ababa University, Key words: challenges, extents, Soil and water conservation measures,. To evaluate the performance and identify problems in soil and water conservation practices. Determinants of adoption and continued use of stone terraces for soil and water conservation in an Ethiopian highland watershed 67 6. Yet many people intimately involved with worldwide food production have been slow to recognize its many advantages and consider it to be a viable alternative to conventional agricultural practices that are having obvious negative impact on the environment. findings revealed that opportunities for wildlife conservation are inter-alia: the wealth of the park in plant and animal species, the environmental policies of Ethiopia, the attentios of conservationist organizations towards wildlife conservation, and the potential benefit of the park in terms of ecological and socio- However, the wildlife tourism and conservation practices are still at low attention. Getachew Agegnehu Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research . However, the performance of s oil and water conservation structures has not been well studied. Now, it is a dried Land. Soil and plant growth. Detenninants of adoption and continued use of stone terraces for soil 67 and water conservation in an Ethiopian highland watershed 6. The validation workshop of the National Report of Ethiopia for Rio+20 Conference was held at Beshale Hotel in Addis Ababa, on May 7, 2012. Challenges to and opportunities with ISFM in Africa 2 Aug 19, 2019 · Soil erosion is among the foremost causes of declining soil resources in Ethiopia, which in turn affect agricultural productivity. Private consultant to the International Food Policy Research Institute . properties of different soil types combined with soil and water conservation,the effective use of manures,crop rotation,fallowing,crop residues and fertilisers has the best chance of arresting and reversing soil fertility decline. July 2010 . Challenges of Collective Action in Soil and Water Conservation: The Case of. , Unger P. World soil erosion and conservation, Cambridge studies in applied ecology and resource management. Form 2: The “Guidelines for development agents on soil conservation in Ethiopia” has been in use for 30  challenges of adopting structural soil conservation mechanisms in the area includes; Ethiopia in general and Darimu and Chewaka woreda in particular. Soil degradation is one of the most serious environmental problems in Ethiopia. Soil erosion and its consequences is one of the more serious problems in Ethiopia. Thus, soil The effect of land degradation on farm size dynamics and crop-livestock farming system in Ethiopia: A Review. Soil degradation is one of the crucial issues in mountainous areas of Ethiopia which needs efforts to reduce it. Assess the productivity of sesame across the sesame growing areas in Ethiopia, b. In addition, according to BWAO the soil of the study area are classified as black, red and brown soil accounting 10. 1). DPPB Disaster Preparedness and Prevention Bureau SWC Soil and Water Conservation EAF Emergency HIV/AIDS Fund TBA Traditional Birth Attendant EC Ethiopian Calendar TCC Technical Committee EFY Ethiopian Fiscal Year TOR Terms of Reference EGS Employment Generation Schemes UNCDF United Nations Capital Development Fund Soil Conservation Research Programme (SCRP), and the Ethiopian Mapping Authority (EMA). e. challenges of soil conservation in ethiopia